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Fifth Grade Core Learning Goals

Fifth grade students engage in problem solving, communication, reasoning, connecting and representing as they:

  • Read, write, compare and order whole numbers to 1,000,000 and decimals to thousandths
  • Use expanded notation to represent whole numbers or decimals
  • Develop and use strategies to estimate the result of whole number computation and to judge the reasonableness of such results
  • Develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing whole numbers
  • Solve word problems involving whole numbers, fractions, and decimals
  • Understand the following number characteristics and their relationships: multiples, factors, primes, composites, and squares
  • Compare and order fractions, decimals, and percents using landmarks and visual models
  • Use visual models, benchmarks, and/or equivalent forms to add and subtract commonly used fractions and decimals
  • Round numbers
  • Estimate the reasonableness of answers to problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers
  • Use simple concepts of negative numbers (e.g., number line, in counting, temperature, in “owing”)
  • Convert linear measurements within the same system
  • Develop, use, describe and justify methods of determining volume
  • Choose and accurately use appropriate tools for measuring length, weight (mass), capacity, perimeter, area, time, and temperature
  • Use a ruler to measure to the nearest 1/8 inch or millimeter
  • Solve problems involving weight, time, temperature, length, capacity, mass or money
  • Identify, draw and/or label points, lines, line segments, rays and planes
  • Recognize and name polygons by number of sides
  • Identify and/or compare parts of right triangles, including right angle, acute angles, hypotenuse and legs
  • Identify, classify and compare triangles and quadrilateral according to sides (length, parallel or perpendicular) and angles
  • Use known angles to find the measure of another angle
  • Identify and measure circles, their diameters and their radii
  • Know and use that the sum of the angles of any triangle is 180 degrees and the sum of the angles of any quadrilateral is 360 degrees
  • Frame questions about associations between variables in a data set and construct representations and descriptions that help answer those questions
  • Organize, display and/or interpret data using pictographs, tallies, tables, charts, line, bar and circle graphs and Venn diagrams
  • Find mean, median, mode and range to interpret data
  • List all possible outcomes for a probability experiment involving a simple event
  • Identify numerically the probability of a simple event using fractions, decimals or percent
  • Interpret the “fairness” of a game as equal probability of winning
  • Form a rule based on a given pattern or illustrate a pattern based on a given rule
  • Collect and record data in regular time intervals to analyze patterns of change
  • Use the distributive property to compute with whole numbers
  • Solve for a missing number (blank, question mark, variable) in an equation involving a single operation
  • Match a realistic situation to an equation, expression, inequality, table or graph
  • Determine how a change in one variable relates to a change in a second variable (i.e., input output tables)
  • Identify, describe, and solve problems with constant rates of change

Sixth Grade